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Identifying bed bugs and what to do about them

Bedbugs are one of the most annoying household pests. Bedbugs can make it difficult to sleep. Bedbugs are often unnoticed, and can cause serious health problems for those who are affected.

What are Bedbugs Bedbugs are tiny bloodsucking insects which live in the darkest areas of beds, making them difficult to see. Bedbugs do not transmit infectious diseases, but they can cause painful bites and rashes.

Bedbug Identification
Bedbugs can hide in darker areas of the mattress and go unnoticed. When performing a visual bed bug inspection, you should be looking for:


  • Small brown bugs on or near your mattress. Bedbugs are only about the size of an Apple Seed.
  • Droppings are small brown or red spots that appear on sheets or mattresses.
  • The eggs are laid near seams and ends of mattresses by adults. The bugs may produce a musty smell.

Bed bugs are small and may not be noticed by an untrained person. Bedbugs are usually detected when they show physical symptoms on the body. If you have any of the following symptoms, bedbugs may be present.

  • Itchy rash of the lower legs, ankles, or feet.
  • Line of bites
  • Clusters of bites

Itchy, red and raised rashes and bites are common.

Get Rid of Bedbugs
The next step after identifying a bedbug problem is to take action. The solution to a bedbug problem is a two-pronged approach. Both the bites and rashes must be treated, as well as the pests being removed from your home.

Bedbugs can be eliminated from your bedroom by:

  • Throw away the mattress, boxspring, and bedding that is affected.
  • To kill bugs, wash any exposed clothing with freezing or extremely hot water.
  • Isolate the room that is affected.
  • Seal any cracks on the walls, ceilings or windows of your bedroom.
  • Cover your mattress with a cover that is resistant to bugs.
  • If necessary, call in an exterminator.

You can treat bedbug bites or rashes by:

  • Take oral antihistamine.
  • Use corticosteroid lotion to reduce swelling and inflammation.
  • Use mild soap to wash the area often.

Bedbugs are never a pleasant surprise. These creatures are not dangerous to humans. Follow the instructions on how to clean your bedroom properly and treat any bites carefully to rid your home of bedbugs.



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